The themes are universal: regret, repentence, and redemption, though the Afghan/Muslim and Jewish cultures take somewhat disparate routes to get there.
There is ethnic cleansing, be it the Holocaust or the Taliban or myriads of culture wars before. And loss of one’s land and one’s identity, with the struggle to begin again. And then insights from the wise elder, who helps the protagonist understand identical events viewed both from the perspective of childhood and later with the wisdom that comes with age and experience.
And ultimately there is hope—from the courage of an individual, struggling with remorse and his understanding that there is 'a way to be good again.'
Imagine if “For you, a thousand times over” were to become the mantra of our world.